Emomali Rahmon was born to a peasant family on October 5, 1952 in Dangara district of the Republic of Tajikistan.
Emomali Rahmon began his labour activity in 1969 as electrician at Kurgan-Tube (presently Bokhtar) oil factory after graduation from Technical Lyceum №40 of Kalininabad city (presently Sarband).
From 1971 to 1974 he served in the Pacific Navy Military Force. After the demobilization, he started working at the Lenin collective farm in Dangara.
Emomali Rahmon graduated from the Faculty of Economics at the Tajik National University in 1982.
From 1976 to 1987 he held posts of the secretary of direction and the Chairman of the Union Committee of the Lenin collective farm in Dangara. He later worked in party bodies.
From 1987 to 1992 he was the Chairman of the Lenin collective farm in Dangara.
In 1990, Emomali Rahmon was elected as People’s Deputy at the Supreme Council of the Republic of Tajikistan of twelfth convocation. In autumn 1992, he was elected as the Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Council of the People’s Deputies of Kulyab province.
On November 19, 1992 at the XVI session Emomali Rahmon was elected as the Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Tajikistan.
On November 6, 1994, Emomali Rahmon was elected to the post of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan by nation-wide voting.
On November 6, 1999, Emomali Rahmon was re-elected on the alternative basis and by nation-wide voting and assumed an office of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan for a seven-year term.
On November 6, 2006, Emomali Rahmon was elected as the President of the Republic of Tajikistan for another seven-year term.
On November 6, 2013, Emomali Rahmon, gaining 84.23% of the vote, won the regular election of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan.
On October 11, 2020, Emomali Rahmon, having secured 90.92% of the vote, was re-elected to the post of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan.
According to the ratified Constitutional Law of the Republic of Tajikistan “On the Founder of Peace and National Unity – Leader of the Nation”, the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon who had rendered great and unique services to the people of Tajikistan has been recognized as the Founder of Peace and National Unity – Leader of the Nation.
The President is married and has nine children.
At the time when for the first time the glorious and worthy son of the nation Emomali Rahmon was elected the leader of our country, our homeland – the newly independent Tajikistan was experiencing difficult times.
Bloody wars and inter-Tajik conflict, which led to the loss of many lives and property, were a great threat to the country’s unity and the existence of the Tajik nation.
Due to his wise decisions, persistence and extraordinary courage, Emomali Rahmon saved the country from the threat of disaster, returned over a million of refugees back to their homes and brought together the nation.
Thanks to the strong will of the Tajik President, ruins were restored within a short time, grand constructions were erected, automobile roads were built providing all the year round communication between all corners of the country and highways were constructed, allowing the country to get direct access to the ocean and develop relations with the countries of far and near abroad.
The most important achievements and successes of the country are the result of selfless labour and bold steps taken by Emomali Rahmon.
The reward for these extensive efforts were love and respect that Emomali Rahmon won from the people of Tajikistan and among the thousands of our compatriots abroad. He also earned huge respect from the world community that every time shows to him as to a wise and far-sighted leader of Tajikistan, an experienced politician and an exponent of universal values and ideals.
The greatest achievement of Emomali Rahmon is, undoubtedly, the establishment of lasting peace, political stability, and national unity.
The experience of civil wars in the world testifies that heads of not a single state not only did not eliminate his rivals thirsting for power, but, on the contrary, entrusted them with important positions in state and military bodies.
By ensuring peace and national unity, Emomali Rahmon laid a solid foundation for moving towards the economic recovery and the beginning of constructive affairs.
Over the past period after gaining state independence, the Republic of Tajikistan has established diplomatic relations with 180 countries of the world. Tajikistan has recognized the UN Charter, the Helsinki Final Act, the Paris Declaration and other international agreements and successfully pursues its domestic and foreign policy, protecting human rights, regardless of nationality, religion or race.
Emomali Rahmon has made a grand contribution to enhancing the international credibility and prestige of Tajikistan, in addressing global issues.
Repeatedly speaking from the UN tribune, the Tajik leader drew the attention of the world community not only to the problems of Tajikistan, but also to Afghan tragedy, fight against terrorism, extremism and illegal drug trafficking, the uneven progress of countries of the world, providing humanity with safe water.
President Emomali Rahmon also displays a far-sighted and serious approach to important issues affecting the future of humanity. At the proposal of Emomali Rahmon, the United Nations declared 2003 the International Year of Fresh Water, 2005-2015 as the International Decade of Action “Water for Life”, 2013 as the International Year of Water Cooperation, and 2018-2028 as the International Decade of Action “Water for Sustainable Development”.
Currently, most international and regional events are held as part of this Decade. This initiative of the President of the country is the pride of every citizen of Tajikistan.
Emomali Rahmon also proposed to the world community to create a special International Fund for the Protection of Glaciers and declare 2025 as the International Year for the Protection of Glaciers.
Over thirty years of independence, under the leadership of Emomali Rahmon our country made confident steps forward on the path of building an independent democratic state.
During this time, Tajikistan has had its own flag, emblem and anthem. Principal foundations of statehood –a national army and border troops have emerged and matured.
Tajikistan became a member of the authoritative international organizations and established political, economic and cultural ties with most developed countries in the world.
The fundamentals of the constitutional system and public administration were streamlined, national currency was put into circulation and national passport was recognized.
Thus, the historical merits of Emomali Rahmon consist in the fact that he took over management of the state, prevented the threat of its collapse, extinguished the flames of civil war, restored paralyzed power authorities, particularly the law enforcement bodies.
President provided the conditions for consolidation of all power branches and state bases, laid foundations for restoring the nation’s peace and building a new society in Tajikistan.
He held constitutional reform in the country, led the process for creation of a new Constitution of Tajikistan, provided political and legal basis for signing General Agreement on the Establishment of Peace and National Accord on June 27, 1997, which was instructive experience for the world community.
He created the conditions for national revival, marked the beginning of creative works, radically improved the socio-economic situation of the people, eliminated the threat of hunger and contributed to the growth of political authority of the state on the international arena.
The President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon was also decorated with high awards and honorary titles in different years.
Taking into account the great contribution to the revival and strengthening of the new statehood of Tajikistan, and the maintenance of peace in Tajikistan, the President of the country Emomali Rahmon, by the decision of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Tajikistan on December 11, 1999, was awarded the highest title of Hero of Tajikistan.
In 1999, the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon was awarded the Order of the Star of the President of Tajikistan, I degree, for outstanding services to the people of Tajikistan, for strengthening peace and developing the Tajik statehood, for especially important merits in state and socio-political activities that contribute to strengthening the international image of Tajikistan, for grandiose achievements in the socio-economic spheres, science and culture, development of society and social progress, incomparable patriotic merits.
Emomali Rahmon’s merits in the cause of formation of a new Tajik state are very great and historic. The grateful Tajik people, in honor of the selfless struggle in the name of building a modern Tajik state, declared him the Founder of Peace and National Unity – Leader of the Nation.
Indeed, the adoption of the Law of the Republic of Tajikistan “On the Founder of Peace and National Unity – Leader of the Nation”, which was adopted on December 9, 2015 by the deputies of the Majlisi namoyandagon Majlisi Oli of the Republic of Tajikistan, is a fair and historic act.
The adoption of the Law “On the Founder of Peace and National Unity – Leader of the Nation” by the Majlisi namoyandagon Majlisi Oli of the Republic of Tajikistan is a clear sign of sincere reverence by the Tajik people for the crucial deeds of Emomali Rahmon and expresses the pride and gratitude of the people to their world-famous son, and these deeds will forever be inscribed in the pages our history.
For his invaluable contribution, constructive efforts and consistent endeavors in the path to enhancing the multifaceted interstate relations, global initiatives, inestimable merits in the expanding of cooperation, ensuring security, peace and stability all over the world, strengthening friendship between nations and peoples, multi-vector humanitarian, social and cultural bonds during the period of independence, Leader of the Nation, President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon won high honors and awards of state and international organizations around the world. He was in particular awarded with medal “For distinction in the protection of the state border” of the Russian Federation (October 25, 1994), the Gold Star of Albert Schweitzer (January 15, 2000), the Mir-99 International Prize (October 15, 1999), the Peter the Great International Prize (March 20, 2002), the Highest Public Award of the International Charity Foundation “Trustees of the Century” – the first diamond order “Star of the Trustee” (March 29, 2005), the Order of the National Hero of Afghanistan – Ahmad Shah Masud (April 27, 2005), the Gold Medal “For the strengthening of peace and harmony among peoples” (June 25, 2005), the Gold Medal of Egypt (February 5, 2007), the Red Ruby Star “Peacemaker” of the World Charity Association “Peacemaker” and the Interregional Charity Public Foundation “Constellation” (June 25, 2007), Medal of Honor of the Commonwealth of Independent States (October 5, 2007), Order of the Prince of Ukraine Yaroslav the Wise, I degree (December 3, 2008), Order of the Three Stars 1st degree” with the gold chain of Latvia (July 11, 2009), the United Nations Special Award “Millennium Development Goals” (March 23, 2010), the highest state award – the Order of Pakistan (August 8, 2011), the International Order “New moon and star” (May 19, 2011), Medal and certificate of the Council of Europe – “Leader of the XXI century” (August 17, 2011), the highest state award of Ukraine – the Order of Merit, 1st degree (November 15, 2011), the highest state award of Azerbaijan – the Order of “Heydar Aliyev” (July 12, 2012), the Order of the President of Turkmenistan “Neutrality” (August 23, 2012), the State Prize of the State of Kuwait – the Order “Mubarak Alkabir” (June 23, 2013), the State Prize of Bahrain “Al-Kilad al-Khalifa” (Royal Order) (May 28, 2014), the highest award of the Russian Federation – the Order of “Alexander Nevsky” (February 27, 2017), the State Prize of Kazakhstan – the State Order “Parasat” (March 14, 2018), the State Prize of the Republic of Uzbekistan – the Order “El Yurt Khurmati” (August 17, 2018), the Medal of Honor of the Heads of State of Central Asia (August 6, 2021) and other awards and prizes.
During the period of state independence, the Leader of the Nation Emomali Rahmon, upon his working visits to foreign countries, also held meetings with teachers and students of many higher educational institutions, for his merits, the development and strengthening of international relations between Tajikistan and the world community in the field of science and education, he was awarded the highest awards and titles, including Honorary Professor of Philosophy of the World Medical Academy (January 15, 2000), the Prize of the International Association of Academies of Sciences of the CIS “Medal for the Promotion of Science” (April 17, 2001), the UNESCO Gold Medal named after Avicenna (October 31, 2002), Honorary Doctor of the Gazi University of Ankara, Republic of Turkey (January 20, 2006), Honorary Professor of the Eurasian University of Astana named after Lev Nikolaevich Gumilyov (May 5, 2006), Honorary Doctor of the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (December 8, 2008), the UNESCO Gold Medal of Honor named after Mevlana Jaloliddini Balkhi (Rumi) (May 5, 2009), Honorary Professor of the Ural State Mining University (June 15, 2009), Honorary Professor of Mikhail Lomonosov Moscow State University (October 23, 2009), Honorary Doctor of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (October 23, 2009), Honorary Professor of the Xinjiang University of the People’s Republic of China (June 18, 2010), the highest award of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the Russian Federation – the Nikolai Blokhin Gold Medal (October 1, 2010), Honorary Professor of the National Mining University of Ukraine and the Gold Medal of Academician Terpigorev (November 16, 2011), the Highest Prize of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Federation – Gold Medal (November 18, 2011), Honorary Professor of Xiamen University of Fujian Province of the People’s Republic of China (June 2, 2012), Honorary Professor of the Turkmen State Institute of Economics and Management (August 23, 2012), Honorary Doctor of the Mevlana University of Konya, Republic of Turkey (December 17, 2012), Medal “60 Years of UNESCO” (August 20, 2013), Honorary Professor of the Belarusian State University (May 24, 2014), Honorary Professor of the Malaysian University of Limkokwing (June 26, 2014), Honorary Professor of the European Center for International and Strategic Studies (CERIS) (Brussels) (July 2, 2015), Honorary Professor of the Ufa University of Petroleum Engineering of the Russian Federation (July 8, 2015), Doctor of Philosophy and Economics of the Quaid-i-Azam University of Pakistan (November 12, 2015), Honorary Doctor of the Diplomatic Academy of Azerbaijan (August 11, 2018), Honorary Doctor of the Japanese University of Tsukuba (October 4, 2018), Honorary Doctor of the Cairo University (March 10, 2022).
The President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon was awarded the Order of the International Olympic Committee “For the development of the Olympic movement” (October 16, 2003), the Order of the Olympic Council of Asia “For outstanding services” (October 16, 2003), the symbolic badge of the 5th Dan Black Belt karate-do (September 24, 2005), the Order of the Olympic Council of Asia (April 8, 2009), the Chinese Olympic Committee Gold Medal (June 6, 2012) and the 9th Dan Black Belt Honorary Medal with the International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) certificate (May 23, 2013) for outstanding services in the development of the field of sports, making a significant contribution to the development of the Olympic movement, the constant support of athletes, the creation and reconstruction of sports facilities, assistance in organizing and holding regional and international sports competitions in Tajikistan.
At the new stage of constructing young Tajik state, a fortune bestowed upon the ancient Tajik nation unique historical personality –President Emomali Rahmon – the person, who represents the highest qualities –justice, generosity, courage, compassion and unique ability to unite the people. It is the combination of these qualities that has brought society to a high level of self-knowledge.
Thanks to the consistent efforts of Emomali Rahmon Tajikistan was rescued from the national tragedy in the late twentieth century and strengthened its state independence, so that the Tajik nation after the millennium has made remarkable achievements on the path of national revival and makes confident steps to a better, more prosperous and self-sufficient future.